Bile et al


Another school session. It’s great, I’m learning basics I should have learnt 30 years ago!

Three things to remember: enzymes, hydrochloric acid and bile.

Hydrochloric acid is a very strong acid produced by the stomach to break down food for digestion. Fat poses a problem though because it doesn’t mix with water, and as the acid is dissolved in water, the fat just floats on top.

So then the food continues down to the small intestine and bile (produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder) surrounds the fat and enzymes get to work on it. Also as the food is acidic after being in the stomach, the bile neutralises the acidity.

Ramadan moving slowly from summer to spring…

If you or someone close to you practises Ramadan, you’ll notice that the long summer evenings (when you can’t eat) and the short summer nights (when you can eat) have been stretched over ramadans over the past 10 years or so. It’s obviously more comfortable to have ramadan in the winter when it gets dark very early in the evening – I guess you can have a pretty decent meal then and not worry about the sun coming up for ages! There again, fasting in cold weather can’t be nice, I guess you get hungrier trying to preserve energy. Anyway, here’s a chart of how Ramadan has moved by approximately 11 days every year: